The World of Marijuana

EverMartínez 

What is Marijuana

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Marijuana is a greenish-gray mixture of the dried, shredded leaves and flowers of Cannabis sativa or also called the hemp plant.

How is it used?
Marijuana is smoked in the form of a cigarette also called a joint or a nail, it is sometimes smoked after being placed inside of hollowed-out cigars called blunts, mixed into foods and even as a tea.

Why do people use Marijuana?
Most people who use weed to experience a sense of mild euphoria and relaxation, or the colloquial named referred to as a “high.” Cannabis causes changes in the user’s mood and also affects how they think and perceive the environment. This drug came make watching a documental of animals a whole new experience.

As we know all drugs have short and long term effects, and Marijuana is not the exception so I will list them below:

The Short-term Effects
• Feeling of well-being;

• Talkativeness;

• Drowsiness;

• Loss of inhibitions;

• Decreased nausea;

• Increased appetite;

• Loss of co-ordination;

• Bloodshot eyes;

• Dryness of the eyes, mouth, and throat;

• Anxiety and paranoia.

The Long-term Effects
• Increased risk of respiratory diseases associated with smoking, including cancer;

• Decreased memory and learning abilities;

• Decreased motivation in areas such as study, work or concentration.

Other names:

-Weed

-Herb

-Pot

-Grass

-Bud

-Ganja

-Mary Jane

Marijuana Fun and Disturbing Facts:
-Eskimos have 100 words for snow; Americans have more than 200 words for marijuana.
Bud. Chiba. Dank. Dope. Ganja. Grass. Herb. Mary Jane. Pot. Reefer. Trees. Weed. Kush. Chronic. Nug. And so on.

-Legalizing pot would generate $8.7 billion in tax revenue annually.
According to a Cato Institute study, taxes similar to those imposed on cigarettes and alcohol would lead to huge economic gains. The money used to regulate pot use and maintain incarceration of offenders ($800,000 a year) would also be saved.


-Americans grow 22 million pounds of marijuana each year.
Five states – California, Kentucky, Hawaii, Tennessee, and Washington – grow 80 percent of it. One third is grown indoors. The annual value comes out to $35.8 billion.
APA References:
– H. (n.d.). Is marijuana addictive? Retrieved November 18, 2016, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/marijuana-addictive
– Learn About Marijuana: Factsheets: What is Cannabis? (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://learnaboutmarijuanawa.org/factsheets/whatiscannabis.htm
– What You Need to Know About Drugs: Marijuana. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/know-drugs-marijuana.html
– Henry, N. (2015). 25 Fun Facts About Marijuana. Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.craveonline.com/mandatory/1061510-25-fun-facts-about
– Marlboro Now Sells Marijuana Cigarettes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.pulse.lk/2015/11/20/marlboro-now-sells-marijuana-cigarettes/
– Can Marijuana Help You Quit Cigarettes? Study Says Yes. (2013). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.leafscience.com/2013/11/01/can-marijuana-help-quit-cigarettes-study-says-yes/
-Marijuana vs Cigarettes Weed Memes – Weed Memes. (2015). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://weedmemes.com/2015/03/17/marijuana-vs-cigarettes-weed-memes/

Illegal Drugs

By: Jessica Delgado 

Drugs are substances that change either the mental or the physical state of the user, most drugs are used to treat mental and physical, medical health conditions but since drugs can affect the mind in different ways the drugs that are used outside of the medical area are called “recreational drugs” and most of these are illegal in most of thew world.
People use drugs for many different
reasons varying for fun to medical reasons to just feel better about themselves or even just for the pressure on them to try
them, whatever the case, drugs are addictive substances that can change the way you think and behave while in their influence, they are illegal for a reason. If a person becomes too addicted or dependent of a legal or illegal drug the withdrawal process might be hard for that person.
one of the most popular legalized drug is the alcohol followed closely by the tobacco, these drugs are legal because they are not as dangerous to the user as other drugs can be, like the most used illegal drug, cannabis or marijuana, which include many side effects like panic, hallucinations, loss of sense of personal identity, paranoia, risk of heart attack and the drop in IQ.
a thing that happens when you consume a drug for a very long time is the tolerance to that drug, for example, if you take i dose of a certain drug everyday, you might find that after a while you need two doses a day to feel the same way you felt when you started using, and this will continue happening until you get to the point where the drug that you are consuming is just to much.
another effect that happens when you try and stop taking drugs is called withdrawal effect, this effect consist of different physical and psychological reactions because of stopping the usage of the drug, since the tolerance of the drug can be high you are no longer taking the drug for fun or to get high, but just to feel normal again because it has become essential for you and without it you don’t feel normal.
Besides the previously mentioned effects of the drug there are some other physical effects for some drugs, for example, the drug called bath salt literally burns your skin off, or some other drugs that make your muscles cramp or your body hurt or itch because of the physical effect of the drug.
in conclusion, drugs have many side effects and that means we have to be really careful not to use them or if you do want to use them use them wisely to not fall into addiction or create tolerance to the drug. Drugs are a really dangerous substances are they are illegal for a reason.

Learn more about the facts of substance and alcohol abuse through The Truth About Drugs booklet information series, offering prevention education to dangerous side effects of drugs, teen addiction to illegal street narcotics such as marijuana, cocaine, crack, crystal meth, ecstasy, heroin and inhalants, including withdrawal symptoms. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts.html

Image:
Get Rid of Harmful Drug Addiction – Disadvantages of Illegal Drugs. (2013). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.thefitindian.com/get-rid-of-harmful-drug-addiction/

Interview to Gabriela Castro

By: Diana Velázquez

All people may be vulnerable to initiate drug use, however in the teenage stage young people may be at greater risk since in this stage sometimes they feel indestructible, that nothing can happen to them, in addition they usually think of today and not so much of tomorrow, so they do not dimension that the consumption of a drug will affect them in their future, and many times they seek to satisfy a necessity of the moment or to find solution to a problematic through a false exit and thus initiate in the consumption.

Some other reasons why they can start to consume are for example curiosity, feeling good, to lower stress levels, to feel part of a group or to be socially accepted, to feel like adults, because there is a person in the family with substance abuse problem, family problems, among other things.

The drugs can affect the teenagers in diferrent aspects:

  • Physically:

It depends on the type of drug but can cause damage, for example in the respiratory system, cardiovascular damage, brain damage, as well as tooth damage, loss of smell, sinusitis, perforation of the nasal septum, renal, hepatic, etc.

  •  Psychologically:

Problems of memory, concentration, learning, anxiety, depression, even episodes of schizophrenia or psychotic breaks.

  •  Socially:

Isolation, discrimination.

You can identify if a person have an adictions when a person can’t stop consuming some substance, he can’t master his will, which even though he knows that it hurts him he can’t stop consuming it.

There is no exact time, because each organism is different and each drug works also and it is different, rather it is necessary to observe the behavior of the patient and if there is anxiety in him to be able to obtain and consume the drug.

There is a fifferent ways to cure for adictions like:

There are different types of therapies that can help a person, such as rehabilitation centers, support groups, family and personal therapy, Cognitive-behavioral therapy.

You can deal with a person involved in drugs, It is best to ask for help for the person and take him to a specialized center for professionals to provide care and the family also provide support and psych education so that they understand what happens to the patient and know how they can help.

Apa references:

G. Castro, personal communication, November 15,2016.

Image:

Illegal drugs. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=illegal+drugs&biw=1366&bih=662&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&sqi=2&ved=0ahUKEwjq2I2pgrLQAhUs0YMKHTOiBcoQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=OByRb6yUShJO9M%3A

The most commonly used illegal drugs

By: Diana Velázquez

  • Cannabis:

Cannabis is the drug most consumed in Spain, according to the Ministry of Health, 9.6% of the Spanish population consumed it at some point. Cannabis is an illegal drug probably with less criticism in society, since in some medical branches they see cannabis as a substance with benefits in some treatments, which is still a discussion that has not allowed it to be legalized. Its most known derivatives are marijuana and hashish.

  • Cocaine:

Cocaine is the substance most known worldwide, is a drug that is extracted from a shrub called enzyme. It is a stimulant drug because it acts on the central nervous system by activating it.

  • Ecstasy:

These pills are probably the most consumed drug at an early age in parties. It is usually used before having sex as it heightens your senses. People often feel a sense of mental clarity and self awareness. Physical touch by others becomes pleasurable.

  • Amphetamines:

Amphetamines, amphiphiles and speed are one of the three most common names for one of the oldest known drugs of synthesis. This is the insomnia drug. It is consumed associated with alcohol and especially in parties and weekends. There are many deaths per year.

  • Hallucinogens:

Hallucinogenic substances are many, although their consumption is minimal when compared with all previous ones. If we have to choose one because of its social effect, ayahuasca is a good example since it is considered by the Security Forces to be the drug of rape. It is also used in environments such as the homosexual.

  • Magic Mushrooms:

Their active doses vary depending on whether they are given dry or fresh. The fresh ones contain 90% of water; Hence about 10gr. Have the same power as an amount of 0.5-1.5 gr. Of dried mushrooms. Most are consumed dehydrated. However, the concentration of active substances depends on the variety of psilocybin.

  • Ketamine:

Ketamine plants the battle between teenagers and cocaine, along with magic mushrooms and spice, among the drugs most consumed by adolescents in society. It is a dissociative drug with hallucinogenic effects used as an anesthetic and analgesic in veterinary medicine. If a high amount of ketamine is ingested, the person can lose control of his body.

  • Heroin:

Most common drug that is used worldwide is Heroin. Heroin is made from the extracts of the plant opium poppy. Heroin is taken through an injection and it directly enters the blood stream. This drug was created to help cure people of morphine addiction but it soon turned out that this drug mimics the action of morphine in the brain.

The Richest, 2013, Top 10 Most Commonly Used Illegal, Retrieved on November 7, 2016,  from: http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/most-popular/top-10-most-commonly-used-illegal-drugs/

Image:

Different drugs (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=illegal+drug+trade&biw=1366&bih=613&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiuzfKuiLLQAhXm3YMKHYmOBMwQ_AUIBigB#tbm=isch&q=illegal+drug+&imgrc=3whW4PI3Qq84cM%3A

 

Illegal drugs in teenagers

Apa References:

Information on Teens & Illicit Drugs. (n.d.). Retrieved November 01, 2016, from http://www.pamf.org/parenting-teens/drugs-alcohol/drugs/drugs.html

Image:

Betsaida 1102

 

Adolescence is typically a period of experimentation, irrespective of parenting skills and influence

Alcohol and tobacco are the drugs most commonly abused by adolescents, followed by marijuana. The next most popular substances differ between age groups.

Addiction occurs when repeated use of drugs changes how a person’s brain functions over time. The transition from voluntary to compulsive drug use reflects changes in the brain’s natural inhibition and reward centers that keep a person from exerting control over the impulse to use drugs even when there are negative consequences.

Half of all new drug users are under the age of 18. Experimentation plays the biggest role in teenage drug use. However, experimentation is a fact of life and just because a teen has tried drugs or alcohol doesn’t mean they will become an addict. It’s more important to understand why some teens are tempted to experiment.

Young people use drugs for similar reasons:

socialising with friends, peer pressure or the need to feel part of a group
relaxation or fun
boredom
curiosity, experimentation or wanting to take risks
to escape from psychological or physiological pain.
While all of these developmental changes can lead teens in a positive direction, they can also lead to drug abuse if a teenager falls in with the wrong crowd, has a difficult home life or is a victim of trauma. Today many teenagers have easy access to drugs and alcohol, and experimenting with chemical substances doesn’t necessarily mean that a teenager will turn into an addict. However, parents should be alert to the possibility that if a teen’s behavior or personality suddenly changes, drugs may be involved.

A friend is using drugs?

Personal Appearance

*Messy, shows lack of caring for appearance
*Poor hygiene
*Red, flushed cheeks or face
*Track marks on arms or legs (or long sleeves in warm weather to hide marks)
*Burns or soot on fingers or lips (from “joints” or “roaches” burning down)

Personal Habits or Actions:
*Clenching teeth
*Chewing gum or mints to cover up breath
*Heavy use of over-the-counter preparations to reduce eye reddening, nasal irritation, or *bad breath
*Frequently breaks curfew
*Cash flow problems
*Reckless driving, car accidents, or unexplained dents in the car
*Avoiding eye contact
*Locked doors
*Going out every night
*Secretive phone calls
*“Munchies” or sudden appetite

Behavioral Issues Associated with Teen Substance Abuse
*Change in relationships with family members or friends
*Loss of inhibitions
*Mood changes or emotional instability
*Loud, obnoxious behavior
*Laughing at nothing
*Unusually clumsy, stumbling, lack of coordination, poor balance
*Sullen, withdrawn, depressed
*Unusually tired.

 

Top 8 of most common illegal drugs.

By: Betsaida Cubillos

1. Marijuana:Is the most benign drug on this list, it certainly can cause changes in the brain to the point of addiction.
2. Ecstasy:

is the more common street name for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine—a substituted amphetamine drug also known as MDMA. This is a synthetic chemical, with complex effects that mimic both methamphetamine link url stimulants and mescaline hallucinogens.

3.Methadone:

Methadone is an opioid medication. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic. Methadone reduces withdrawal symptoms in people addicted to heroin or other narcotic drugs without causing the “high” associated with the drug addiction.

Methadone is used as a pain reliever and as part of drug addiction detoxification and maintenance programs and is only available from certified pharmacies.
4.Amphetamines:
Amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant that affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The Evekeo brand of amphetamine is used to treat ADHD and also narcolepsy. Evekeo is sometimes used to treat obesity in people who have not lost weight with diets or other treatments.

5. Cocaine:

Cocaine, like many other drugs on this list, affects the amount of dopamine in a person’s brain and causes intense cravings for more of the substance. Snorting cocaine powder causes a rapid, intense high and builds up a tolerance quickly. Coming down from a cocaine high can cause depression, edginess and irregular sleeping and eating patterns
6. Bath Salts:

Bath salts are considered a cheap alternative to cocaine, ecstasy or methamphetamine. As a stimulant, bath salts reached a high in usage in the mid- to late-2000s, but the U.S. began cracking down on the substance in 2012. Bath salts often cause insomnia, agitation, hallucinations and even violent behavior upon first use. Long-term use can lead to kidney and liver damage, as well as a breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue.

7. Heroin:

Heroin is a highly addictive, illegal drug. It is used by millions of addicts around the world who are unable to overcome the urge to continue taking this drug every day of their lives—knowing that if they stop, they will face the horror of withdrawal.

Heroin (like opium and morphine) is made from the resin of poppy plants. Milky, sap-like opium is first removed from the pod of the poppy flower. This opium is refined to make morphine, then further refined into different forms of heroin.

Most heroin is injected, creating additional risks for the user, who faces the danger of AIDS or other infection on top of the pain of addiction.

8.Crack Cocaine:

Crack, also known as crack rocks, is the purest form of cocaine available and is smoked through a glass pipe. It causes the user’s brain to release large amounts of dopamine, which results in intense feelings of pleasure and a burst of energy for about 10 minutes. Some users become addicted to crack the first time they try it.

Crack cocaine and powder cocaine have similar chemical compositions and effects, but crack causes a stronger, faster high, albeit one that lasts for a shorter amount of time. Crack abuse became a national crisis in the 1980s and early ‘90s, although crack users make up just a small percentage of overall cocaine users today. U.S. federal law is harsher for crack than it is for cocaine, particularly for those who are found distributing the substance.

Apa References:

What Are The Top 10 Most Addictive Illegal Drugs? (2016). Retrieved November 01, 2016, from https://www.summitbehavioralhealth.com/blog/top-10-addictive-illegal-drugs/

Image:

Illegal Drugs and addictions (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=illegal+drug+trade&biw=1366&bih=613&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiuzfKuiLLQAhXm3YMKHYmOBMwQ_AUIBigB#tbm=isch&q=illegal+drug+&imgrc=qqCyssZNkAlPVM%3A